Phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated arable soil

The mechanisms of metal uptake, accumulation, exclusion, translocation, osmoregulation and copartmentation vary with each plant species and determine its specific role in phytoremediation.

Among the heavy metals, cadmium is of special concern due to its potential toxicity to biota at low concentrations [ 18 ].

The soil was sieved to remove roots, pebbles, and other unwanted materials. Now this sample was dipped in methanol for 4 to 5 days. Determine the potential for Zn and Cd accumulation by shrub willow from natural peat soils extremely high in both metals, and investigate the toxicity thresholds in the plant tissue that could limit growth and therefore the utility of willow as a phytoremediator of soils.

Higher foliar Zn and Cd was not correlated to foliar total sulfur or foliar thiol S as measured by XANES spectroscopysuggesting that thiol S does not have a primary role in heavy metal tolerance of willow species, and therefore metallothioneins may not be involved in sequestering these metals into insoluble, non-toxic forms.

The study also shows that the tolerance and hyperaccumulation of the HE of S. The left over Cd content in the aqueous medium was in the range of 12 to Received Mar 26; Accepted Aug Abstract Cadmium Cd accumulation and pollution in arable soils are particularly serious in the lower reaches of the Minjiang River in southwest of China.

Phytoremediation of arsenic and lead in contaminated soils using Chinese brake ferns Pteris vittata and Indian mustard Brassica juncea Int J Phytoremediation.

Our research group is exploring the potential of this plant in environmental remediation of various heavy metals at high concentrations. Soil moisture effect on uptake of metals by Thlaspi, Alyssum and Berkheya.

Percentage inhibition was calculated by using the following equation: Plant roots can increase metal bioavailability by exuding protons that acidify the soil and mobilize the metals.

Relatively low Cd uptake occurred during soil experiment with low translocation factor TF values. Growth Parameters Various growth parameters of A. This plant can also reduce the concentrations of heavy metals in acid mine water while exhibiting few signs of toxicity.

Project Methods The initial determination of potential for Zn and Cd uptake by willow will be conducted in the greenhouse with soils collected from a natural high-Zn, high-Cd peat deposit in Western New York.

John Wiley and Sons; It also showed remarkable Cd tolerance Sneller et al.

BioMed Research International

Root response and metal accumulation in two contrasting ecotypes of Sedium alfredii Hance under lead and zinc stress. In depth soil microbial studies are required to identify the micro-organisms highly associated with metal solubility or precipitations.

It is in a subtropical zone with a warm and moist climate with average annual temperature of Photosynthetic rates of A. It was suggested that A. After each week, one set was taken out and new leaves were counted. The reason behind less Cd uptake in soil experiment may be that it may have been adsorbed in soil particles or it is leaching from rhizosphere as the experiment was conducted in sandy soil.Soil contamination with lead, cadmium and zinc in this area exceeds permissible limits for agricultural soil in Poland.

The German site is a former sewage sludge dewatering site, located in the north of Leipzig (51° 25′ ″N 12° 21′ ″E). A pot experiment and a field trial were conducted to study the remediation of an aged field soil contaminated with cadmium, copper and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) ( ± mg kg −1 Cd, International Journal of Phytoremediation.

Published online: 19 May Article. Bioremediation using microorganisms is a promising technique to remediate soil contaminated with heavy metals. In this study, Rhodobacter sphaeroides was used to bioremediate soils contaminated with cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn).

The study found that the treatment reduced the overall bioavailable fractions (e.g., exchangeable and carbonate bound phases) of Cd and Zn. Investigate the phytoremediation potential of shrub willow on a well-characterized metal-contaminated field site where soil Zn and Cd are at elevated concentrations from waste application.

Project Methods The initial determination of potential for Zn and Cd uptake by willow will be conducted in the greenhouse with soils collected from a natural.

Dec 24,  · The physicochemical approach includes excavation and burial of the soil at a hazardous waste site, fixation/inactivation (chemical processing of the soil to immobilize the metals), leaching by using acid solutions or proprietary leachants to desorb and leach the metals from soil followed by the return of clean soil residue to the site (Salt et al., ), precipitation or flocculation followed by.

Phytoremediation of Cadmium Contaminated Arable Soil by Poplar in Arid Region Wang Ning (Resource and Environment Department,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou,China) Abstract:A field experiment was conducted with cadmium (Cd) contaminated arable .

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Phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated arable soil
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