Also, it is often late when children arrive home after such long walks, and they are still required to do chores. Public primary boarding schools, which offer many advantages, are prohibitively expensive for most Maasai families.
Maasai girls are taught that circumcision is a rite of passage into womanhood that accompanies puberty and an immediate precursor to marriage. Fear of premarital pregnancy is a common reason for parents to insist that their daughters leave school and marry early.
In the Maasai culture, children as young as nine years old are not allowed to stay in the same house with their father, and instead sleep in a separate house without supervision. There are no cars, buses, horses, or even bicycles available to Maasai children, so they must walk this great distance.
Early marriage is the most often cited reason that Maasai girls drop out of school. The Maasai are a pastoral, nomadic society, and circumstances sometimes require that families move in order to find water and grass for their cattle. For those few families that are able to pay education costs, there is a widespread cultural preference for educating sons first.
This combined lack of supervision and ignorance make girls highly vulnerable to becoming pregnant, and pregnancy before marriage brings disgrace and a reduced bride price. For the exceptional girl who does pass the national test to graduate from primary school, all secondary schools in Kenya are boarding schools, and the annual cost is prohibitive for most Maasai but, if economically feasible, sons are always given priority.
Further escalating the pressure for early marriage is the reality that in the Maasai culture women are traditionally valued on the basis of how many children they can produce for their husbands, not by how educated or economically successful they might become.
Many girls are denied an education solely because of parental concerns for their safety during these long walks. The nomadic Maasai lifestyle. Since the pastoral Maasai require significant land resources to graze their cattle, their villages are constructed far apart from each other.
In addition, girls are not told how a woman becomes pregnant. Physical Barriers Walking distance to school. Cultural Barriers Family and peer pressure for early marriage.
Pregnancy is the second most frequent reason that girls drop out of school. Even when possible, Maasai girls have the added impediment of cultural beliefs that prevent many from enrolling or completing school.
The practice of early marriage is also worsened by the increasing poverty of the Maasai people, which leads Maasai fathers to marry their daughters off at increasingly young ages. Even if they still have the desire and energy to study after they are finished with their responsibilities at home, it is dark and there is no electricity or artificial light.
But all students in Kenya are required to wear uniforms, and many families cannot afford even the uniform needed for their child to go to school.
The quality of education in these rural day schools is rarely adequate to prepare students for the national tests, which are required to go on to secondary school, because these schools are underfunded and woefully overcrowded, with a student-teacher ratio as high as to 1.
As a result, one school must serve several villages typically within a to kilometer radius. Even for those who make it to school, the long walks undermine education.Parental involvement is when parents and teachers participate in a regular, two-way conversation involving student educational learning.
This includes parents being involved in their children's education in various ways, both at home and at school. Explain Personal Social And Cultural Barriers To Parents Being Involved In Their Children S Early Learning.
EYMP 1 Explain the legal status and principles of the relevant early year’s frameworks and how national and local guidance materials are used in settings.
All four nations in our country develop their frameworks slightly differently. 1 Explain personal, social and cultural barriers to parents being involved in their children’s early learning These are some of the barriers I think that parents have to overcome when being involved with their child’s early learning.
Parents' Views on Improving Parental Involvement in Children's Education CHAPTER SEVEN: BARRIERS TO PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT.
This chapter discusses the range of factors that parents identify as limiting their ability to get better involved in different aspects of their children's education. choose not to be involved with their child’s education. Using questionnaires and interviews, this research investigated the barriers and struggles parents face as well as the difficulties teachers face with parents who are not involved in their child’s classroom.
Economic, Cultural & Physical Barriers The economic, cultural and physical factors that combine to deny education to Maasai girls in Kenya are numerous and, taken together, almost impossible for all but the most determined girls to overcome.Download