Anthropology: the origin and dispersal of modern humans essay

This is supported by the fact that most skeletons of Neandertals and Cro-Magnon people do not show hybrid characteristics.

It would seem from these dates that the location of initial modern Homo sapiens evolution and the direction of their dispersion from that area is obvious. Like Homo erectus, East Asians today commonly have shovel-shaped incisors while Africans and Europeans rarely do.

Since this gene is thought to have originated more thanyears ago, it undercuts the claim that an African population of modern Homo sapiens replaced East Asian archaic humans less than 60, years ago. It also implies that the New World native populations owe their ancestry not only to East Asians but to Europeans as well.

Human fluctuation is the consequence of versions to environmental conditions. Select the video at the top of the article. More recent genetic research at the University of Chicago and Yale University lends support to the replacement model.

The abruptness of the appearance of these Cro-Magnon people could be explained by their migrating into the region from Africa via an eastern Mediterranean coastal route.

In assessing the degree of difference between DNA in Neanderthals and modern humans, the authors suggest that these two lineages have been separated for more thanyears. Unless modern human remains dating toyears ago or earlier are found in Europe or East Asia, it would seem that the replacement model better explains the fossil data for those regions.

It is further suggested that since then there was sufficient gene flow between Europe, Africa, and Asia to prevent long-term reproductive isolation and the subsequent evolution of distinct regional species. His biologically based explanation implies that a major neural reorganization of the brain resulted in a significant enhancement in the manner in which the brain processed information.

This was an abrupt and dramatic change in subsistence patterns, tools and symbolic expression. If this interpretation of the fossil record is correct, all people today share a relatively modern African ancestry.

Multiregional origin of modern humans

The driving force of these searches was the Leakey family, with Louis Leakey and his wife Mary Leakeyand later their son Richard and daughter-in-law Meave —all successful and world-renowned fossil hunters and paleoanthropologists. Modern humans reached the Japanese Islands by 30, years ago or somewhat earlier.

The replacement model of Christopher Stringer and Peter Andrews proposes that modern humans evolved from archaic humansyears ago only in Africa and then some of them migrated into the rest of the Old World replacing all of the Neandertals and other late archaic humans beginning around 60, years ago.

The same fate came to the African elephant and rhinoceros during the 20th century.

Anthropology: the Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans Essay Sample

The video below presents evidence of pockets of archaic humans surviving in West Africa until at least 13, years ago. Around 30, years ago humans were anatomically and behaviorally similar throughout the world.

Conclusion For the moment, the majority of anatomical, archaeological and genetic evidence gives credence to the view that fully modern humans are a relatively recent evolutionary phenomenon.

Subsequently, genetics has been used to investigate and resolve these issues. The regional continuity model advocated by Milford Wolpoff proposes that modern humans evolved more or less simultaneously in all major regions of the Old World from local archaic humans.

Topics for Essay Two

It is now less varied and predominantly vegetarian around the globe with a heavy dependence on foods made from cereal grains. Precisely how this transformation occurred is not well understood, but it apparently was restricted to Homo sapiens and did not occur in Neanderthals.

For example, modern Chinese are seen as having evolved from Chinese archaic humans and ultimately from Chinese Homo erectus.

Some of them migrated into North America via the Bering Plain, or Beringiaby 20, years ago. Many are also commonly found on the crania and mandibles of anatomically-modern Homo sapiens from other geographical locations, being especially prevalent on the robust Mesolithic skeletal material from North Africa.

We just took what we had and thanked the lord. This would leave open the possibility that Africa was not necessarily the only homeland of modern humans. During the early 19th century, there were at least 40, bison roaming the Great Plains of North America.

Again, with fully modern humans on the scene, it is not necessary to have Neanderthals evolve into modern humans, further bolstering the view that humans replaced Neanderthals. According to the Sahara pump theory evidence suggests that genus Homo have migrated out of Africa at least three and possibly four times e.

Origins of Modern Humans: Multiregional or Out of Africa?

The spread of diseases is associated with meeting people ; this include traversing boundary lines and perforating distant countries.anthropology, and they’ve recently been applied to the question of modern human origins.

Using numerous modern human populations as a data source, geneticists have precisely determined and compared a wide variety of DNA sequences.

Human evolution

Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great apes.

Topics for Essay Two. Recall: The essay must be words. Due date: Describe the different methods primatologists use in order to make their research relevant to anthropology. * Discuss the two main hypotheses explaining the origin and dispersal of modern humans.

Early Modern Homo sapiens A ll people today are classified as Homo sapiens. Our species of humans first began to evolve nearlyyears ago in association with technologies not unlike those of the early Neandertals. Anthropology: the Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans Essay Sample. 1. Explain the complete replacement model, the partial replacement model, and the regional continuity model.

Anthr 1 Prof. Creason Essay #2 Discuss the two main hypotheses that have been used to explain the origin and dispersal of modern humans. The Origin and Dispersal of Homo Sapiens Today, we, humans, also known as Homo sapiens, are the only hominins left on Earth.

Jurmain, Robert, et al. Essentials of Physical Anthropology. Cengage Learning,

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Anthropology: the origin and dispersal of modern humans essay
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